Resource File and Personal Theory
Part I: Resource File
Part II: Personal Theory
Human beings are complex dynamic creatures that are not easily defined theoretically. Treatment theories are difficult to develop because there are many factors in behavior and cognitive process that are unknown or poorly understood. Despite these limitations, there are theories which show significant positive results (Jones-Smith, 2012). Cognitive and CBT therapies are among some of the more promising theories. Within this framework, I would argue that a more effective treatment theory would be to combine cognitive and CBT therapies in order to achieve a more robust and comprehensive theory of therapy.
While cognitive therapy works at treating poor thinking methods and decision making, CBT treats the behaviors with the idea that by changing the behavior the thinking will also be altered (Jones-Smith, 2012). By combining these methods, negative behaviors can be treated from both directions. The theory is based on the complex relationship between thought and behavior and that both are intrinsically tied together and must be treated simultaneously.
Aaron Beck is one of the leading researchers in CBT. According to Beck the role of CBT is to teach individuals to alter their perception of a situation and thereby alter negative thinking and behavior. This theory is founded in the idea that it is the individual’s perception of a situation or circumstance rather than the situation itself, that is impacting the emotions and decision making.
I am surprised that therapies such as CBT and cognitive therapy are not more prominent in the treatment industry due to their evidence based approaches.
CBT has been found to provide significant advantages in the treatment of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia, with higher functioning for patients receiving adjunctive CBT (along with medication), higher medication compliance, and fewer days in hospital. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), which was developed by Marsha Linehan, has received more empirical support than any other treatment for helping individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder—again, resulting in fewer days in hospital, lower rates of suicide, and lower rates of para-suicidal or self-injurious behavior (Leahy, 2011).
These theories are closely related and have significant research showing their effectiveness. In many instances, group therapies such as twelve step groups are used which have extremely low rates of success. I am surprised that these methods overshadow CBT and cognitive approaches.
Jones-Smith, E. (2012). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: An integrative approach. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
Leahy, R. L. (2011, November 23). Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Proven Effectiveness . Retrieved 2017, from Psychology Today