Cybercrime is a large problem for business and organizations today. Currently, there are approximately 30 types of unlawful online conduct defined by the Computer Crime and Intellectual Property division. These crimes consist of denial-of-service attacks, Web site substitution and redirection, phishing, cyber-stalking, spoofing an e-mail address and spam.
Hacking is also considered to be a serious crime (Miller, 2007). These crimes comprise the area of cybercrime and present many serious issues.
Cyber-threats can be both internal and external. However, external attacks are the main cause of security issues. Due to these threats preventive technologies such as firewalls, malware scanners, anti-spam products, and Web filters have been implemented, and appear to be having an effect on external attacks.
Cybercrime accounts for $40 billion in losses to affected companies and individuals each year (Miller, 2007). Cybercrime has shifted from individual hacking to digital scams operated by organized crime syndicates. Trying to prosecute these criminals has become challenging because they operate both in the international arena as well as the virtual realm.
In the past, many organizations that fell victim to cybercriminals did not report the crime because they did not want negative publicity or they did not know who to report the crimes to. However, federal law enforcement agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the United States Secret Service, the United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the United States Postal Service, and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms; handle domestic cybercrimes (Miller, 2007).
Miller, Sandra Kay. (2007). Getting a Grip On CYBERCRIME. Retrieved from the e-library.