The biggest challenge prisons face are human resources development and overcrowding issues. Finding prison workers and keeping these workers is a difficult task due to the fact that prison workers must endure the harsh dangerous environment of prisons (Hart, 2008). There are high rates of burnout caused by lack of leadership and management knowledge of the prison environment. These problems require ongoing training for staff.
Overcrowding of the prison environment makes the human resource issues more pronounced due to lack of staff and understanding of how to manage large numbers of prisoners. Overcrowding is the most serious issue due to the increased dangers it presents to workers and inmates. Currently, “U.S. prisons overall are operating at 99% capacity, according to the International Centre for Prison Studies…” (Caumont, 2013)
Caumont, A. (2013, August 2). Chart of the week: The problem of prison overcrowding. Retrieved from Pew Research Center